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Technical Resources

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Energy: Efficiency, Conservation, Renewable Energy

New Approaches to Energy Generation and Usage are Crucial to Our Future

Energy solutions, both in industry and everyday living, have always been of great importance to us at EEI. Here we present reports on the issue, prepared by EEI and others.

Some of the papers provided here cover other water utility topics. Dialog on any topic is always welcome. You may comment through our Water Systems blog, or contact us by phone or email.



Adobe Reader icon   Energy Efficiency Paper - Fort Myers, FL (Sept. 13, 2012)
Our Don Voigt presents an Energy Efficiency paper at the Fifth Annual Southwest Florida Water and Wastewater Exposition – Sept 13, 2012, Fort Myers, Florida Convention Center. PDF of Power Point presentation.

Adobe Reader icon   Pump Analysis - Audit - for Energy Consumption - Recommended Tools
Pumps (and blowers) are a major contributor in most industrial/municipal energy consumption loads. This single sheet summary might offer reminders of the tools which have been most useful in providing insight into ways to refine the performance of these key elements in your facility. For further reading (to better understand the value of the suggested measurements), we suggest a review of how “rpm under load” can be a valuable tool and “watts vs amps” for true load profiles in 3 phase motors.

Adobe Reader icon   Administrative Workshop for Wastewater Management – Marquette, MI
Amongst the regulatory and funding agencies for our nation (EPA, DOE, WisCap, and similar), there is a consensus that the need for a basic understanding of energy audits is escalating. Recent EPA Webinars suggest that a Type II energy audit should be conducted for all community wastewater and water treatment facilities. Our chief engineer – Don Voigt, P.E., CEM – provided a summary of the need and the “mechanics” of energy audits for a group of 47 water and wastewater managers attending the UP Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Winter Managers Conference in Marquette MI on December 7, 2011. PDF of Power Point presentation with 60 plus slides.

Adobe Reader icon   Energy Audits – A First Step in Utility Cost Reduction
If you intend to improve upon any endeavor, establish a starting point or benchmark at the beginning. Particularly in the area of energy consumption, an energy audit is the best first step. In this report presented in the Florida Engineering Society's Journal on Energy, Don Voigt reviews the audit procedures and offers insight into how to benefit from a facility audit.

Adobe Reader icon   2011 UP Michigan Operator Conference
Water and wastewater treatment and pumping systems consume 10% or more of their community’s energy budgets. This year’s UP Michigan Operators Conference invited EEI president, Don Voigt, to offer insight into how energy bills have become such a large part of community budgets, and specifically how operators and managers can reign in these costs.

Adobe Reader icon   2009 AWWA Annual Meeting
NEW! Don Voigt's presentation at the 2009 Wisconsin Section of American Water Works Association annual meeting in Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin in September 2009. There are 60,000 water utilities in US accounting for 3% of all energy use. On average, energy is 10% of a utility’s total operating costs. Procedures are suggested for a 20 to 50% reduction in utility energy consumption patterns. Energy efficiency is a simple way to find "free money" in a very tight market.

Adobe Reader icon   Technology and Equipment for Measuring Power Usage – UW Madison, WI November 2010
One of our principals was asked to be a guest instructor for several recent seminars with a similar theme – Managing Energy in Water and Wastewater Utilities. The following PDF file of the PowerPoint presentation is excerpted from a November 18-19, 2010 seminar sponsored by the University of Wisconsin – Madison College of Engineering, Department of Engineering Professional Development. As the title suggests, the presentation offers insight into energy consumption benchmarking through field auditing of key systems and equipment within the owner's facilities.

Adobe Reader icon   Saving America's Future
The president of the United States commissioned an esteemed group of scientists, administrators, and corporate leaders to define the current state of the nation and to provide a set of specific recommendations for action to the president and the nation as a whole. The report was issued in late March of 2009. We have obtained a copy and made it available here. (3.5MB download in PDF format)

Adobe Reader icon   WRc Focus on Energy Benchmarking Report
Midwest USA energy consumption for water and wastewater plants benchmarked and compared to world standards for similar facilities. Demonstrates the importance of engineering for energy efficiency in public utilities.

Adobe Reader icon   Wastewater Energy Efficiency is Attainable - IFAT Energy Presentation, Munich, May 2008
Summarizing the first 5 years of an energy conservation program (Wisconsin Focus on Energy) in Water and Wastewater systems in Wisconsin, USA (large file).

Adobe Reader icon   The Effectiveness of Feedback on Energy Consumption
A Review for DEFRA of the Literature on Metering, Billing and Direct Displays by Sarah Darby, April 2006. From the Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford.

Adobe Reader icon   IFAT 2008 - Impressions
An engineer's perspective on events surrounding the world's largest water and wastewater exhibition, held in Munich in May of 2008.

Adobe Reader icon   Marketing of Machinery in the USA
Marketing equipment in the competitive environment of USA municipalities.

Adobe Reader icon   Munich Wastewater Treatment Plants
Touring (in German) one of the two wastewater treatment plants that serve the city of Munich, Germany. Don't know German? Just look at the photos, or try selecting blocks of text, and have them translated free here.

Adobe Reader icon   German Perspectives on Energy
A summary (in German) of energy generation and consumption patterns, especially related to water and wastewater utilities. Don't know German? You may select blocks of text and have them translated free here.

Adobe Reader icon   Intellectual Capital
The value of “Systems Thinking” in Engineered Project Designs and Development